No, it is not a java program, it is in assembly, which was possible because I recently flashed Cyanogenmod on my phone. Here it is:
.text .global _start _start: mov r7, #1 mov r0, #42 swi #0
The program simply returns 42 and exits. I used my own cross-built binutils (--target=armv-android-eabi) to build this and simply copied it over to my phone, chmod and executed it. You need to put it outside your sdcard environment however, since you cannot execute anything in /sdcard. A Stackoverflow thread helped figure out the right opcode for the syscall.
It took me all of 6 hours to figure this out. 5 minutes to figure out the above code and 5 hours and 55 minutes to realize and fix the last line from